Revival of Ancient Greek and Roman architecture
Per the Ancient Greek and Roman architecture, the Italian Art Renaissance experienced large domed buildings with columns and triangular pediments. The overall design of buildings also changed, with specific representation in how buildings related to one another and were shaped.
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Ancient Roman and Greek architecture made a revival during the Italian Renaissance. Buildings were given huge domes and rotundas, as well as arched entryways with large columns and pediments. Buildings were longer and sometimes given distinct shapes, like a cross, when seen from an aerial view.  Artists and architects designed their buildings from Ancient Greek and Roman models and used white limestone and marble in the construction to replicate the exterior of the classical buildings.  Much of the Renaissance buildings in Italy also had fountains or bodies of water included in the design.  Fountains were a sign of purity, wealth, and knowledge for ancient philosophers. Despite the secular inspiration, the majority of the buildings constructed with the classical design were cathedrals and churches.  Unlike in Northern Europe, the exterior of these buildings was fairly plain and the interiors were vast and open.