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Does Donald Trump or Joe Biden have the better approach to Policing? Show more Show less
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As Black Lives Matter #BLM protests shook the US in the wake of George Floyd's murder at the hands of police in Minneapolis in May 2020, the issue of police reform surged to the top of the political agenda. Policing will be a central debate in the upcoming US Election. Who has the better approach?

Joe Biden has the better approach to Policing Show more Show less

Once a supporter of traditional policing, Joe Biden 's position has shifted in favour of community policing, funding reviews and an explicit acceptance of 'systemic racism' within the police force.
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Biden will pivot the justice system towards rehabilitation

Biden has declared that "Making sure formerly incarcerated individuals have the opportunity to be productive members of our society is not only the right thing to do, it will also grow our economy."

The Argument

Joe Biden believes in pivoting the prison system towards reform, rather than punishment. One example of this is his belief that anyone who serves time in prison, must be able to receive any program offered by the federal government.[1] If we reduced reincarceration through rehabilitation, it would result in reduced crime, as well as both direct and indirect financial benefits.[2] But, this is an uphill battle as some officials view the main goal of prisons to currently be the storage of criminals, not rehabilitation.[3] For example, in a survey by the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies, about 30 percent of felons had no high school diploma.[4]Yet, the funding for education programs in prison is inconsistent between states.[5] Prisoners face even more roadblocks, after release, because they often suffer from a lack of government support to get them back on their feet. In California, 46 percent of prisoners released in 2012-2013 ended up convicted of another crime within three years.[2] Many experts say the first 72 hours after release are the most important to signify if they will lead away from, or back towards prison. Most states give prisoners "gate money" when released, this ranges from the most money, $200 in California, to no money in New Hampshire.[6] If they can make this money or lack of money, last 72-hours, next they have to worry about finding a job, and a place to sleep. Yet, many employers and landlords refuse to employ or rent to felons.[5]Both of these can cause homelessness, which leads to a higher chance of reincarceration.[7] With the lack of rehabilitation or aid provided to prisoners and recently released prisoners, Biden has a good reason for this stance.

Counter arguments

Joe Biden will not pivot the U.S. Prison system towards rehabilitation. He once stated in a 1976 speech that the U.S. Justice System should stress punishment, rather than rehabilitation. [8]

Proponents

Premises

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://www.cnsnews.com/index.php/article/national/melanie-arter/biden-prisoners-are-entitled-pell-grants-food-stamps-housing
  2. https://lao.ca.gov/Publications/Report/3720
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1891097/
  4. https://nces.ed.gov/blogs/nces/2017/01/11/default
  5. https://www.rasmussen.edu/degrees/justice-studies/blog/life-after-prison/
  6. https://www.themarshallproject.org/2019/09/10/what-gate-money-can-and-cannot-buy
  7. https://www.huduser.gov/publications
  8. https://www.foxnews.com/politics/joe-biden-said-criminal-justice-should-focus-on-punishment-not-rehabilitation-in-1976-speech
This page was last edited on Monday, 7 Sep 2020 at 03:54 UTC

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