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Is the BJP dangerous? Show more Show less
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Founded in 1950, modern India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic, with 28 states and 8 union territories. At the 2019 election, almost 614 million people voted, a record 67.1% voter turn out. The Bharativa Janata Party (BJP) was re-elected with a single-party majority, the first since 1971 to do so. With its alliance partners in the National Democratic Alliance, it won 353 of the 543 seats in the lower house or Lok Sabha. Since then many have speculated that the BJP is creating a dangerous political and social environment.

Yes, the Bharativa Janata Party (BJP) is dangerous Show more Show less

80% of the Indian population identify as Hindu – about 966 million people. The BJP is a dangerous regime using the prevalence of Hinduism to create a hostile nationalist state.
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The BJP has dangerous policies based around Hindutva

Many of the BJP's policies are actively dangerous to some Indian citizens.
BJP Hinduism India nationalism religion

The Argument

Re-elected in 2019,[1][2] the BJP is a right wing Hindu nationalist political party that believes that Hinduism and Indian national identity are more or less synonymous.[3] The BJP’s commitment to Hindutva – Hindu nationalism - is reflected in many of its policies, in contract to most Indian political parties that are avowedly secular.[3][4][5] The BJP’s Hindutva ideology threatens India’s founding ideals of pluralism and secularism:[6] many Indians are uncomfortable with this threat to the country’s seven-decade endeavour.[7] Policies introduced by BJP to support their Hindutva vision vary from local decisions to policies with significant life-long effects on millions of people. Local decisions include overlooking the violence carried out by bands of self-proclaimed cow protectors who roved mostly northern India, targeting Muslim or lower-caste butchers and livestock traders and beating dozens to death.[8] Policy support led to the banning of beef slaughter and curtailing the employment of many Muslims.[8] The BJP has implemented many policies which have served to disenfranchise Muslim citizens of their rights. Immediately after the 2019 re-election the BJP stripped Kashmir, the country’s only Muslim-majority state, of its special status as an autonomous region. Thousands of Kashmiris – including politicians who were former BJP allies – were imprisoned[5] and the internet shut off to hinder communication.[9] The Shari’a-based family law that had been permitted by Nehru to continue for Muslims in Northern India, (whilst Hindus were subject to reformed family law) were outlawed. These arcane practices had included a man’s right to divorce his wife by repudiating her three times and he was not compelled to provide ongoing financial support.[10] The hugely controversial implementation of a National Register of Citizens (NRC) that started in the state of Assam, aims to identify any illegal immigrants who arrived in India from Bangladesh after its civil war in the 1970s. Already almost two million people have become stateless, and this may rise to 4 million.[6] These people were mostly poor, illiterate and/or Muslim. Any non-Muslims were fast-tracked to citizenship[11] but for the Muslims who lost citizenship, called “infiltrators,”[12] the government is building detention centres prior to returning them to Bangladesh.[13][5][1] The NRC is likely to be extended across India and is seen by many as a way of removing Muslims from India.

Counter arguments

Proponents

Premises

[P1] The BJP have many policies that are actively dangerous to Muslim Indians.

Rejecting the premises

Further Reading

Malik, Yogendra K.; Singh, V.B. (April 1992). "Bharatiya Janata Party: An Alternative to the Congress (I)?". Asian Survey. 32 (4): 318–336. Doi: 10.2307/2645149 Patil, S. (2001). India's Experiment with Coalition Government at the Federal Level. The Indian Journal of Political Science, 62(4), 586-593. Retrieved April 25, 2020, from www.jstor.org/stable/42743566 Tharoor, S. (2018) The Paradoxical Prime Minister. Aleph Publishing: New Delhi

References

  1. https://www.ft.com/content/e0dff26e-5a38-11ea-a528-dd0f971febbc
  2. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/23/the-guardian-view-on-narendra-modi-landslide-bad-for-india-soul
  3. https://carnegieendowment.org/2018/10/11/what-is-secret-to-success-of-india-s-bharatiya-janata-party-bjp-pub-77477
  4. https://qz.com/1774201/the-global-state-of-right-wing-populism-in-2019/
  5. https://www.france24.com/en/20191224-the-best-of-times-the-worst-of-times-for-india-s-modi
  6. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/dec/17/the-guardian-view-on-modis-citizenship-law-dangerous-for-all
  7. https://www.britannica.com/place/India/Government-and-politics
  8. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/11/world/asia/modi-india-elections.html
  9. http://www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Indianpoliticalsystem.html
  10. https://time.com/5586415/india-election-narendra-modi-2019/
  11. https://www.theglobalist.com/india-narendra-modi-democracy-hindu-nationalism-citizenship-bill/
  12. https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/12/india/india-bjp-tweet-intl/index.html
  13. https://time.com/5586417/hope-for-economic-reform-in-india/

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This page was last edited on Monday, 27 Apr 2020 at 11:42 UTC

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