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< Back to question Should Catalonia become independent? Show more Show less

Catalonia is a region in the northeast corner of Spain and is home to Barcelona, the region’s capital. The question of Catalan independence has been a part of Spanish politics for at least three centuries. Since the 1970s, Catalans have been in conflict with the Spanish government and within themselves about becoming an independent country. The question of Catalan independence is central to Spain’s politics and has been polarizing public opinion even further since the 2010s. The demand for Catalan independence has risen greatly in the past few years, to the disappointment of the Spanish government. Is the Catalan drive for independence justified, and is independence feasible?

Yes, Catalonia should become independent Show more Show less

History, culture, politics, and economics influence separatists' and Catalan nationalists' drive for independence from Spain.
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Catalonia can support itself as a nation

Catalonia has the societal, governmental, and economic infrastructure to support itself as a nation. Catalonia can govern themselves better than Spain does.
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The Argument

The Catalan people can govern themselves better without Spain’s help. Catalonia already has its own central government based in Barcelona, with the necessary parliament buildings, as well as its own police force, schools, and health care system. [1] According to a government researched white paper released by the Catalan regional government, much of the infrastructure, legal framework, and bureaucracy needed to secede have already been created under the 2006 Statue of Autonomy. Although new systems would still have to be put in place, Catalonia already has most of the structures needed for any interim period that would follow a formal declaration of independence. In 2013, CATN, an advisory council made up of legal and technical experts produced detailed advice to ensure Catalonia is prepared for any split. [2] The economic gain from no longer losing 8% of its GDP to the Spanish government, would be more than enough to improve infrastructure and services. With the extra money in tax revenues that independence would create, existing infrastructure could also be drastically improved, and the issues that stem from a bureaucracy -heavy government in Madrid could be eradicated. Spain has been actively attempting to recentralize and has underspent on infrastructure in Catalonia. Catalonia is already semi-autonomous and has most of the necessary infrastructure it needs to be an independent nation. The quality of this infrastructure will only be improved by a break from Spain. [3]

Counter arguments

Almost all calculations done on the viability of Catalonia as an independent state discount the possibility of a drop in GDP caused by the changeover. Catalan nationalists cherry-pick economists who agree with them, but some financial institutions have estimated Catalonia could lose up to 37 billion euros if they break with Spain. [4] Catalan separatists have not factored in the debt they would have to pay back to Spain, the cost of a Spain-Catalan border on export revenue, and whether or not they would become a member of the EU. The central government has listened to Catalonia's complaints about the deficit in infrastructure spending and agreed to do more to ratify the problem. An extra 4 billion euros has been promised to fund the Catalan rail network. [5] Claims that Catalonia will run their own institutions better than Madrid on the basis that Madrid has recentralized local government are false. Although the Spanish government has interfered in the region, Spain is still one of the most decentralized countries in the world according to the OECD. [4] Catalonia already does run itself. A bid for independence is both expensive and unnecessary. Complaints about infrastructure spending have been heard and addressed.

Premises

[P1] Catalonia is already largely autonomous and has many of the institutions it needs to be independent already. [P2] Catalonia will no longer lose tax revenue supporting the rest of Spain, which will provide extra funds for infrastructure and services. [C] Catalonia can support itself better as an independent state.

Rejecting the premises

[P2] Catalan separatists have underestimated the cost of independence.

Proponents


References

  1. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-41474674
  2. https://irai.quebec/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/R%C3%A9sum%C3%A9-en-anglais-Livre-blanc-catalan.pdf
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/nov/20/readers-panel-independent-catalonia-spain
  4. https://english.elpais.com/elpais/2017/09/25/inenglish/1506339116_980655.html
  5. https://www.catalannews.com/politics/item/rajoy-promises-investing-on-infrastructures-to-weaken-independence-aspirations

This page was last edited on Wednesday, 16 Sep 2020 at 19:17 UTC

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