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What do Christians believe? Show more Show less

Of the world’s population of 7.8 billion, Christianity is the most widely practised religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. Next in popularity are 1.5 billion followers of Islam and 900 million Hindu. There are many beliefs that Christians have in common. There are however, not unsurprisingly, also many differences in the more than 21,000 Christian denominations.

Catholics - points of difference Show more Show less

Catholicism is by far the largest branch of Christianity with an estimated 1.285 billion followers.
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Catholic Politics and attitudes to equality

The Catholic church is traditionally heavily patriarchal and anti-LGBT.
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Context

The Argument

Although institutionalized patriarchal models of leadership are present in many religions,[1] Catholics are quite extreme. Their attitudes to female roles in society, divorce, contraception and abortion mirror the primacy of the male in the church. This approach has been rationalised by saying that men and women are made differently – although no religion ever gives women more power or status than men.[2] Catholicism teaches overall that homosexuality is against God’s law. “Every human being is called to receive a gift of divine sonship, to become a child of God by grace. However, to receive this gift, we must reject sin, including homosexual behaviour.”[3] At best, more moderate Catholics state that God loves all his children, and that, as the Catechism of the Catholic Church states, if gay people live in celibacy then they are not sinning.[4] Same-sex marriage is not allowed - additionally, nor is any sex outside of marriage. Catholicism contains social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy. The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.[5]

Counter arguments

Framing

Premises

Rejecting the premises

Proponents

Further Reading

References

  1. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/religion/news/2018/05/03/450268/efforts-women-faith-achieve-gender-equality/
  2. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/09/09/the-divide-over-ordaining-women/
  3. https://www.catholic.com/tract/homosexuality
  4. https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2018/04/06/what-official-church-teaching-homosexuality-responding-commonly-asked-question
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_Church

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This page was last edited on Wednesday, 20 May 2020 at 09:24 UTC