Mapping the world's opinions

argument top image

What do Christians believe? Show more Show less

Of the world’s population of 7.8 billion, Christianity is the most widely practised religion in the world, with more than 2 billion followers. Next in popularity are 1.5 billion followers of Islam and 900 million Hindu. There are many beliefs that Christians have in common. There are however, not unsurprisingly, also many differences in the more than 21,000 Christian denominations.

Beliefs held in common by Christians Show more Show less

While Christianity started with a small group of adherents, many historians regard the spread and adoption of Christianity throughout the world as one of the most successful spiritual missions in human history.
(1 of 7 Positions) Next >

Christian History/schism

When did Christianity split into so many parts? Along what lines did it split?
< Previous (2 of 7 Arguments) Next >

Context

The Argument

A Christian denomination is a religious organization (an association or fellowship) that unites local congregations in a single, legal and administrative body.[1] Christian denominations differ in what they use for the basis of their doctrines and beliefs. Starting as one church founded by St Peter after Jesus' ascension into heaven, the first schism in the early church was between Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. The two traditions began to divide, as the Roman Empire fragmented, after the seventh Ecumenical Council in 787 CE and is commonly believed to have finally split over the conflict with Rome in the so called Great Schism in 1054.[2] The next biggest split was between Catholicism and the denominations that have roots in the Protestant Reformation.[1] The main denominations today are Catholic, Protestant and Eastern Orthodox,[3] but each has many sub-denominations. In 1980, 20,800 Christian denominations in the world had been identified with more than 1,000 different Christian branches in the US. These can be classified into seven major alliances and 156 ecclesiastical traditions.[1] Christian denominations can also be categorised by whether they are fundamentalist or conservative, mainline or liberal groups.[1] Fundamentalist/conservative/evangelical Christian groups can generally be characterized as believing that salvation is a free gift of God. It is received by repenting and asking for forgiveness of sin and trusting Jesus as Lord and Saviour.[1] Christian denominations also differ in what they use for the basis of their doctrines and beliefs. The biggest split is between Catholicism and the denominations that have roots in the Protestant Reformation. All denominations views their own as the ‘true doctrine’.

Counter arguments

Framing

Premises

Rejecting the premises

Proponents

Further Reading

References

  1. https://www.learnreligions.com/comparing-christian-denominations-beliefs-part-1-700537
  2. https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/subdivisions/easternorthodox_1.shtml
  3. https://www.history.com/topics/religion/history-of-christianity

Explore related arguments

This page was last edited on Wednesday, 20 May 2020 at 09:52 UTC