Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis" was an Austrian neurologist and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. He remains a well-recognised figure and he and his ideas are still frequently referenced in pop culture. Freud has been influential in two related but distinct ways. He simultaneously developed a theory of the human mind and human behaviour, as well as clinical techniques for attempting to help neurotics. He popularised the ideas of the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on fields as diverse as literature, film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology.
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Freud's beliefs are still highly influential and frequently discussed.
The goal of Freudian therapy, or psychoanalysis, was to bring to consciousness repressed thoughts and feelings. He believed he could do this by encouraging people to talk in free association and about their dreams. The relative lack of the therapist’s direct involvement is meant to encourage the patient to project thoughts and feelings onto the analyst and through the process of transference, they can reenact and resolve repressed conflicts, especially childhood conflicts with (or about) parents. Freud believed that the mind is responsible for both conscious and unconscious decisions that it makes on the basis of psychic drives.It has often been claimed that the most significant contribution Freud made to Western thought was his argument for the existence of an unconscious mind.
[P1] Freud argued for the existence of an unconscious mind.
[P2] Freud believed the unconscious could be unlocked through people's dreams.
Rejecting the premises
Encyclopeadia of Gender and Society, Volume 1 Jodi O'Brien SAGE, 2009