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Is the BJP dangerous? Show more Show less
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Founded in 1950, modern India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic, with 28 states and 8 union territories. At the 2019 election, almost 614 million people voted, a record 67.1% voter turn out. The Bharativa Janata Party (BJP) was re-elected with a single-party majority, the first since 1971 to do so. With its alliance partners in the National Democratic Alliance, it won 353 of the 543 seats in the lower house or Lok Sabha. Since then many have speculated that the BJP is creating a dangerous political and social environment.

No, the Bharativa Janata Party (BJP) is not dangerous Show more Show less

The BJP has been demonised by the international media. This is unjust as it has done many positive things as well as not being an outlier internationally.
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There is no credible opposition to the BJP

The Congress party, who were previously in government, are no longer a viable alternative for leadership in India.
BJP India Politics

The Argument

The BJP came into office after “ten long years of government by the incompetent and corrupt Indian National Congress party,”[1] amidst widespread disgust with the establishment figures of Indian politics.[2] Modi was heralded as just the refreshing economic reformer India needed. The Congress party had ruled India for 53 of the 72 years since independence. However, they presently do not offer a credible alternative to BJP.[2][1] The Congress Party epitomised the elite so despised by the populist movement of the BJP. The leader Rahul Ghandi, a fourth generation member of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty,[3] was seen by voters as a lightweight[4] and he was unable to shed his lacklustre and elitist image.[5] In contrast, Modi portrayed himself as a man of the people[5] and seemed to be the person best placed to deliver the desired change.[2] Although the BJP has been controversial, equally so were the Congress Party governments. The nepotism that characterised the Nehru/Ghandi governments is reflected in the 450+ facilities, hospitals and schemes that were named after members of the family.[6] The regimes were also riddled with ongoing corruption scandals that rocked India. These included money for votes and infrastructure, defence and telecommunication contracts.[6][7]

Counter arguments

In practice, the economic differences between the BJP and the Congress are probably overstated. Most political parties in India share what Indian economist Montek Singh Ahluwalia once called a “strong consensus for weak reforms.”[8]



Rejecting the premises

Further Reading

Ahluwalia, Montek, S. 2002. "Economic Reforms in India Since 1991: Has Gradualism Worked?" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16 (3): 67-88. DOI: 10.1257/089533002760278721


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This page was last edited on Monday, 26 Oct 2020 at 14:38 UTC

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