Denial of human rights obligations is difficult to punish
The effectiveness of measures, such as sanctions, and under what conditions, is debatable.
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Implementing effective measures to fight back human rights violations are difficult. Firstly, The universal declaration on global human rights is not a treaty in formal sense yet. Although it was approved by the general assembly, the UN charter did not give the general assembly the power to make international law, not to mention that violators are not committed to join such treaties or institutions. Consequently, negligence of international obligations is controversial to punish. Moreover, even if a binding documents are ratified, some states often use reservations, understandings, and declarations (RUDs) to avoid obligations. Take Saudi Arabia for an example, The country's RUD states that convention is not applicable when it conflicts with sharia law.