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What are theories of deviance and crime? Show more Show less
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The reasons that crime and delinquent behavior exists in society has always perplexed sociologists and psychologists alike. The theories for why this behavior exists ranges from placing the blame on society, to the individual.

Crime is caused by the individual Show more Show less

Although society may affect a person's willingness to commit crimes, the true cause of criminal behavior is due to individual's experiences and their biology.
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The Behavioral theory of crime

The Behavioral Theory of crime describes how an individuals direct environment can effect whether or not they commit a crime. This theory is also related to differential association.

The Argument

The behavioral theory places importance on an individual's direct environment, and how this individual interacts with it. This theory posits that criminal behavior is learned and created by either a close family member or friend rewarding them in some way for this behavior, or if the individual is seeing a behavior being glorified in either a movie or television series that they admire[1]. According to the Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, the Behavioral Theory of crime has much evidence behind it, “Because these principles can be applied to behaviors of all kinds, the learning perspective provides valuable tools for understanding crime and delinquency.”[2]

Counter arguments

Many argue that this theory is not necessary valid because there are so many people who have become criminals even without any criminal influence in their lives[3]. This would indicate that criminality is not a learned behavior in all cases.

Proponents

Premises

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://www.thoughtco.com/differential-association-theory-4689191
  2. https://online.pointpark.edu/criminal-justice/psychological-theories-of-crime/
  3. https://www.thoughtco.com/differential-association-theory-4689191
This page was last edited on Monday, 9 Nov 2020 at 08:18 UTC

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