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What are the themes of The Catcher in the Rye? Show more Show less
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J. D. Salinger's novel The Catcher in the Rye is a well-known coming of age story. It has also caused controversy because of its sexual content and use of profanity. What are the themes of The Catcher in the Rye, and how does the main character, Holden Caulfield, react to the world around him?

The Catcher in the Rye is about mental illness Show more Show less

The main character, Holden Caulfield, suffers from mental health issues.
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"Where do the ducks go when the pond freezes over?"

Holden Caulfield frequently asks this question to avoid his problems.
Books Education Literature Mental Health Reading The Catcher in the Rye

The Argument

At times when Holden Caulfield feels exceptionally sad, he mentions the ducks in Central Park. Multiple times throughout the novel he expresses concern about where they go in the winter since the pond will be frozen. Being expelled from Pencey Prep triggers Holden to first think about the ducks. After berating himself for being absent-minded, he remembers and asks the taxi driver where he believes the birds go. Holden asks the question again to another taxi driver, who tells him ducks fly south for the winter.[1] After an evening of drinking at the bar, Holden decides to search for the ducks himself. He can't find any, so he admits defeat. Then Holden reflects on his own death and how his family would react.

Counter arguments

Holden Caulfield only asks about the ducks in Central Park because he is genuinely curious about where they go in the winter when the pond freezes over. Everyone he asks plays off the questions as absurd, and he is left without an answer until a cab driver tells him they fly south.

Proponents

Premises

[P1] Holden Caulfield thinks about the ducks in Central Park when he is sad. [P2] Holden Caulfield uses the ducks to avoid his depression. [P3] Therefore, the theme of The Catcher in the Rye is mental illness.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P2] Holden Caulfield thinks about the ducks only because he is curious about where they go when the pond freezes over.

References

  1. https://tooly.io/mental-health-of-teens-and-the-catcher-in-the-rye/
This page was last edited on Monday, 26 Oct 2020 at 14:20 UTC

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