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What are the solutions to the Syrian crisis? Show more Show less
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The Syrian crisis is part of a wider conflict the origins of which can be traced back to the Arab Spring of 2011. The dissatisfaction of some of the countries in the Arab world with their corresponding governments had led to many anti-government protests demanding a better standard of living in countries such as Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Some of these countries were successful in creating significant regime change. However, and 9 years later with over 6.5 million nationals displaced and over half a million deaths; what solutions are there to a crisis happening in a country which has become a political playground for many belligerents?

Free and fair elections must take place Show more Show less

It is important that a new codified constitution is established in the country. This will allow the country to reach a Democratic resolution.
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The electoral race must be observed by the UN

The elections must be free from electoral fraud and rigging ultimately allowing the Syrian’s to vote for their future government, which is why it is important that the UN observes the running of these elections to prevent any further corruption.

The Argument

Current Syrian elections are from fair or free. Government pressure and corruption make voting only an illusion of choice for Syrian citizens and a poor illusion at that. Thousands of Syrians have been detained or killed for expressing dissent against the Assad regime; to vote for anyone other than Assad would be volunteering a reason to be jailed or killed. Not voting at all in the election causes issues with Syrian citizenry, removing abstaining as a viable option as well.[1] In essence, the Syrian election consists of the single choice of the continuation of the Assad regime. This not only prevents elections from being fair and Syria from becoming a peaceful democracy, but gives credit to those backing the regime (such as Russia and Iran) because the Syrian people are "choosing" Assad. The only viable path to a peaceful Syria is if elections take place in which the different Syrian parties can choose how they want their country to be run. With the current corruption in place, this is far from the case. If the UN were to closely monitor elections and the corresponding processes, it would prevent the Syrian government from punishing citizens for dissenting votes. The UN observing the process is the best option toward free elections in Syria and the ending of the conflict.[2]

Counter arguments

Fair elections won't necessarily stop the conflict in Syria. The conflict in Syria is borne of the divisions between competing political, ethnic, and religious interests. Even under a free election, not all these groups will achieve their wants or needs. The majority will get what they want, but the minority will still feel unheard and frustrated. Although fair elections are important, they won't solve the issues in Syria and the minority groups will still cause conflicts. A focused plan to address the needs of all parties is more essential to peace than free elections are.

Proponents

Premises

[P1] Fair elections are critical to ending the Syrian conflict. [P2] Current Syrian elections are corrupt and unfair. [P3] The UN monitoring the elections would make them fair. [P4] UN monitoring of Syrian elections will help end the conflict.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P1] Free elections cannot solve the conflict on their own.

References

  1. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jun/02/syria-election-vote-for-assad-or-else
  2. https://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/news/un-sets-constitution-committee-for-syria-but-hopes-to-end-war-muted/
This page was last edited on Saturday, 11 Jul 2020 at 01:24 UTC

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