Engaging in research is a part of human nature
From earliest infancy, humans sort the world into categories, predict how things work, and test those predictions. On evolutionary terms, scientific thinking is essential for human survival. Therefore, it is an innate trait of humans to seek knowledge through methodological inquiry. The presence of such a trait means that research activity holds an intrinsic value. This value is independent of the value of the research’s results. To use an analogy, undertaking research (including that involving animals) is equal to the value of nest-building for birds or foraging for apes. In expecting humans to cease undertaking animal studies, we want them to abandon their natural behavior. Overall, it is ethical to conduct animal testing. Expecting humans to cease animal testing would be ethically wrong.
The alleged natural drive for humans to undertake research would not be irredeemably frustrated if they refrained from using animals in research. Human creativity, which is also innate, can produce other solutions to achieve the same research goal. While conducting animal research is allegedly a means to satisfy one of the humans’ natural drives, it is also a means to undermine one of the animals’ natural drives (namely, survival). Animals do not have the option to not participate in an experiment; they are forced by humans. Such an argument for animal research is, therefore, anthropocentric. It does not make animal research ethically justifiable.
Rejecting the premises