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Is the practice of eugenics ethical? Show more Show less
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It is difficult to disconnect the 20th century's unethical genetic practices from any modern discussion of eugenics. This history makes many people uncomfortable with the idea of genetic engineering. Since then, scientific practices have become far more ethical. Do modern eugenics overshadow the unethical past? Will the practice of eugenics always be unethical?

Eugenics is ethical Show more Show less

Eugenics improves biological fitness by enhancing the quality of genetic populations and increasing the chances of desirable human traits. The practice also reduces the likelihood of inheritable diseases and abnormalities.
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Eugenics improves the human race

The study of genetic engineering has opened up endless potential for curing diseases and improving human life as a whole.

The Argument

Eugenics and genetic engineering have been pivotal to improving the genetic makeup of the human race. The practice of eugenics has helped eradicate genetic diseases that are debilitating to people. The scientific potential of genetic engineering has shown promise to help cure diseases such as HIV, sickle-cell anemia, and hemophilia. [1]This makes the human race healthier as a whole. CRISPR treatments are a breakthrough in the genetic engineering world that would not be possible without the study of eugenics. During studies, scientists have been capable of removing and tweaking specific parts of a patient’s DNA. These studies have been applied to trials in an attempt to help cancer patients. [2]It is clear that the practice of eugenics has forever changed the possibilities of eliminating disease. This shows that the goal of eugenics is meant to improve the human race by helping make it healthier. Therefore, eugenics is an ethical practice.

Counter arguments

The risks of abuse far outweigh the benefits when it comes to eugenics and genetic engineering. It can easily be abused by people that want not only to cure diseases but to enhance physical features. [3]The research spent on eugenics should be spent on curing the actual diseases themselves. It would be far more beneficial to develop a cure for a specific disease rather than spending millions of dollars on research for eugenics. The possibility of curing disease is only a small portion of eugenics, while the rest is filled with the desire for physical enhancements that are not needed. Wasting valuable time and resources on enhancements rather than diseases is unethical.

Proponents

Premises

[P1] Eugenics can help the human race eliminate diseases. [P2] Improving the health of the human race is important. [P3] Helping the human race is ethical. [P4] Therefore, the practice of eugenics is ethical.

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://www.businessinsider.com/genetic-engineering-an-hiv-cure-and-other-diseases
  2. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/04/16/712402435/first-u-s-patients-treated-with-crispr-as-gene-editing-human-trials-get-underway#:~:text=Researchers%20think%20CRISPR%20could%20revolutionize,to%20try%20to%20treat%20diseases.
  3. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/04/editing-human-genome-consumer-eugenics-designer-babies

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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 18 Aug 2020 at 13:34 UTC

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