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Are Olympics an overall good or bad for the cities where they are hosted? Show more Show less
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The Olympic Games are a set of international sports competitions that occur every four years for winter and spring sports, or every two years overall. Each competition is held in a different city in a different country, with the potential possibility to repeat a location. As the world economy and tourism expanded in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, there has been some debate as to whether the Olympics is an overall good or bad experience for a host country.

The Olympic Games are an overall good for their host city Show more Show less

The Olympic Games stand for both international camaraderie and competition. To be a host is to step into the international spotlight in a favorable way and present the best of one’s city and country. It is a phenomenal opportunity for host countries, cities, and citizens to announce to the international community that their city is a place ripe for appreciation. The Olympics Games can stoke the local economy, increase prestige, and even benefit communities long after they are over.
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The Olympics are an excellent tourism opportunity

Tourism brought by the Games creates an influx of visitors during a host year and often maintains a trickle-down effect in the years to come.

The Argument

There is arguably no larger international stage than the Olympic Games. To even bid, let alone host, draws unprecedented attention to a country in a positive light. If the games are held and marketed the right way, cities can use the Olympic Games as an opportunity to promote themselves. Following the 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics, the city became revitalized and transformed from an “industrial backwater” to a desirable tourist destination, a legacy that continues to this day.[1] Sydney, after holding a successful game in 2000, increased its tourism and prestige due to their excellent organization. The 2016 Rio de Janeiro Summer Games had a global audience of five billion broadcasted in 200 countries.[2] As they were the first games held in the country, it shared Brazilian culture at an unparalleled level. Furthermore, the games set a tourism record with 6.6 million foreign tourists.[3] Cities like PyeongChang, which hosted the most recent Winter Games in 2018, brought millions of people to a city previously largely unknown on an international scale.[4] Tourism brought by the games creates an influx during the host year and often maintains a trickle-down effect in the years to come.

Counter arguments

While the Olympics Games are inarguably an international draw, it does not outweigh the concerns this type of tourism brings. Often, these tourists are uninterested in the local culture. For instance, during the 2012 London Games, attendance at the city’s famous theaters sharply declined and for the 2008 games in Beijing, hotel bookings overall declined.[5] It is not enough to consider tourism at large; the type of tourist is also important. Sports fanatics are far less preferable to respectful, culturally sensitive visitors.

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Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://www.businessinsider.com/how-the-olympic-games-changed-barcelona-forever-2012-7
  2. https://www.britannica.com/list/7-ways-hosting-the-olympics-impacts-a-city
  3. https://www.olympic.org/news/rio-unveils-wall-of-champions-as-brazil-reveals-record-tourist-boost-from-2016-games#:~:text=The%20Brazilian%20Ministry%20of%20Tourism,increase%20on%20the%20previous%20year
  4. https://www.statista.com/topics/4425/winter-olympics-2018/#dossierSummary
  5. https://www.britannica.com/list/7-ways-hosting-the-olympics-impacts-a-city

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This page was last edited on Monday, 26 Oct 2020 at 15:36 UTC

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