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Is abortion ethical? Show more Show less
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There are debates all over the world about whether or not abortion should be legal, and many people pick which side based on their feelings on the morality of abortion. Frequently, the debate centers around disagreements of the moral status of the fetus, and at what point it has all the rights of an adult. Other ethical debates focus on the rights of the mother or the circumstances of conception.

Abortion is ethical under certain circumstances Show more Show less

If a fetus has not developed enough to be considered a child or if it threatens the life of the mother, then she has the right to choose an abortion. Additionally, if the mother is raped, then it would be ethical for her not to bear the consequences of something over which she had no control.
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In cases of rape, abortion is ethical

In cases of rape, a woman never consented to raise a child, so she should not have to give birth to that child.

The Argument

A female pregnant through rape never took any consensual action that would result in pregnancy. The embryo is there against her will. Since she never agreed to carry the embryo, she is under no moral requirement to carry it to term. When a female is pregnant, her body is essential providing life support to the embryo, which could not survive without her body's resources. If the female consented to become pregnant, then she agreed to give those resources to the embryo and is required to do so. However, in cases of rape, she never consented to provide her body for the use of the embryo. Therefore, while it may be commendable for her to do so, she is under no requirement to let the embryo use her body. For instance, we might consider it good to donate an organ, but failure to do so is generally not considered wrong because people have a right to decide how their body is used. The same might be said in the case of pregnancies through rape. [1]

Counter arguments

Rape is a crime committed by a person who should be punished for it. However, killing the child, who is innocent does not solve the problem, and instead punishes the wrong person[2].

Proponents

Premises

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu/phlx101-02/video/87TpbpXK4Lo.html
  2. https://www.catholicireland.net/abortion-permissible-mothers-life-danger-says-leading-islamic-figure/

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This page was last edited on Friday, 14 Aug 2020 at 16:33 UTC

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