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Is abortion ethical? Show more Show less
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There are debates all over the world about whether or not abortion should be legal, and many people pick which side based on their feelings on the morality of abortion. Frequently, the debate centers around disagreements of the moral status of the fetus, and at what point it has all the rights of an adult. Other ethical debates focus on the rights of the mother or the circumstances of conception.

Abortion is unethical Show more Show less

From the moment of conception, a fetus is a child with all of the rights of any person. A fetus will grow up to be just like any other person and could have a meaningful future, and abortion is also religiously unacceptable. As such, abortion is unethical.
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A future like ours

Though a fetus does not yet possess all of the rights of an adult human, it will eventually. By terminating the life a fetus you rob it of its future and all that it potential could have had and could have been.
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The Argument

Killing is wrong because it deprives an individual of their future, a future they were looking forward to. A fetus can be expected to have a future, and ending its life would deprive it of that future. Therefore, it is wrong to terminate a pregnancy. A fetus can be expected to have similar experiences to an adult, and terminating a pregnancy is akin to the premature death of an adult.[1] Both things deprive an individual of a future, making both things morally wrong.

Counter arguments

An adult human has the ability to look forward to their future and plan out what they would like it to become. A fetus, on the other hand, does not know what sort of experiences they could have, and they do not have the ability to plan out a future. As that is the case, a fetus is not aware that they are being deprived of anything when a pregnancy is terminated, the same way an adult is. Another counter to the argument is that it allows abortions in too many cases. If a fetus cannot be expected to have a similar future due to a disability or because it will be born into horrible living conditions, then aborting the fetus may be acceptable according to this argument. That is not acceptable, because abortion should always be wrong.

Premises

[P1] All persons have futures. [P2] A person's future is of value to them. [P3] Depriving a person of their future is wrong. [P4] A fetus can be expected to have a future like ours.

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18511611/

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This page was last edited on Friday, 14 Aug 2020 at 19:16 UTC

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