The legality of sex work can play a crucial role in shaping patterns of violence towards sex workers. In settings where sex work is criminalized, workplace-related violence is not monitored by any legal authority, and no legal protections are provided to the sex workers.
Violence against sex workers is not registered as an offense by the police. In some cases, the violence is even perpetrated by the police. This can prevent sex workers from even reporting such crimes or seeking help.
Additionally, laws and policies that discriminate against LGBTQ+ individuals will make them even more vulnerable to abuse since they are not likely to come forward to report such crimes out of fear of being persecuted for their sexual orientations.