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What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization? Show more Show less
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Proponents of globalization say it improves citizens' lives via the distribution of jobs, capital, and technology across borders, promoting peace through deeper economic ties between nations. Others claim the globalized movement of goods and people has fuelled inequality, environmental degradation, and deepened economic inequalities.

Globalization is bad Show more Show less

Globalization has fuelled inequality, eroded worker protections and contributed to environmental degradation.
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Globalization destroys the environment

Globalization introduces an economic model that is incompatible with environmental protection.
Economics Globalisation Politics
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Context

Globalization increases global consumer demand. This sparks an increase in production to meet demand. Increased production means increased pressure on the environment and the faster depletion of natural resources.[1]

The Argument

Globalization results in increased international trade, lower prices and higher wages. These three factors create a higher demand for consumer goods. To meet this rising demand, manufacturers increase production, which involves the exploitation of more raw materials. This places a larger burden on the earth and its resources—for example, increased demand for timber results in deforestation in the Amazon. If we care about the environment, then we must consider the effects of globalization.

Counter arguments

If globalization contributes to environmental degradation, then periods of deglobalization would coincide with periods of reduced environmental destruction. This is not what happens. Since 2008, the globe has been on deglobalization trend. Brexit, Donald Trump's trade war with China and opposition to multinational trade agreements are all indications of anti-globalization sentiment reflected in protectionist policy.[2] But this period of protectionism has not coincided with a period of reduced environmental destruction.

Proponents

Premises

[P1] Globalization increases consumer demand. [P2] Supply rises to meet the demand. [P3] Natural resources are exploited in the supply chains. [P4] Therefore, globalization leads to the increased exploitation of natural resources.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P4] When globalization recedes, environmental degradation does not slow.

References

  1. https://www.greenpeace.org/archive-international/en/news/Blogs/makingwaves/globalisation-dark-side/blog/57141/
  2. https://theconversation.com/globalization-may-actually-be-better-for-the-environment-95406
This page was last edited on Tuesday, 3 Nov 2020 at 16:02 UTC

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