As with most things, GMOs aren’t all good or all bad but are in between. They have both benefits and problems. The biggest good of GMOs is that they could be the answer to how to solve world hunger and how our crops can continue to grow with the increasing challenges that climate change will create. GMOs can have added nutrients, be disease and/or drought-resistant, are more durable, produce higher yields, grow in severe weather conditions, and be able to be transported farther to those in need.
GMO crops have also lowered the price of crops such as corn, soybeans, and sugar beets by 15-30%.
GMOs appear to be safe to consume and should create less pesticide use. However, herbicide use increased by 26% as weed resistance increased because of GMOs.
These herbicides are toxic and harm people, animals, and the environment. They are also leading to superweeds (herbicide-resistant weeds).
The herbicide increase associated with GMOs is harmful to the environment. Another environmental problem with GMOs is that they are destroying crop biodiversity. For example, the U.S. has lost 6,000 out of 7,000 of its apple varieties.
There are also legal and socio-economic problems associated with GMOs such as that patent licenses prohibit others from researching those crops which restricts the ability of independent research into the safety of GMOs.
Patents also allow GMO corporations (such as Monsanto) to sue farmers for patent infringement when modified seeds accidentally flow onto non-GMO farms.
There is incredible potential with GMOs, but there are currently big problems with their implementation.