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Should human cloning be banned? Show more Show less

Cloning is the creation of a genetic copy of a sequence of DNA or of the entire genome of an organism. In the cloning debate, the term ‘cloning’ typically refers to a technique called somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). SCNT involves transferring the nucleus of a somatic cell into an oocyte form, where most of the DNA has been removed. The manipulated oocyte is then treated with an electric current in order to stimulate cell division, resulting in the formation of an embryo. The embryo is (virtually) genetically identical to, and thus a clone of the somatic cell donor. The debate revolves around human integrity, power, and social order.

No, human cloning should not be banned Show more Show less

If humans have a right to reproduce, what right does society have to limit the means?
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Human cloning is similar to IVF

Ethically, human cloning is no different to in vitro fertilization.
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Context

The Argument

Essentially, all reproduction is now done with some sort of medical help, whether during delivery or before. Truly natural human reproduction would mean 50 percent infant mortality and make pregnancy-related death the primary killer of adult women.[1] The cloning procedure is similar to in vitro fertilization (IVF), a medical procedure whereby an egg is fertilized by sperm in a test tube or elsewhere outside the body.[2] The only difference is that the DNA of sperm and egg would be replaced by DNA from an adult cell. What law or principle (secular, humanist, or religious) says that one combination of genetic material in a tube is fine, but another is not? In 2018, it was reported that about “1.6 percent of all U.S. births used IVF."[3] In the beginning IVF was very controversial, but through countless trials and errors, it became successful and frequently practiced all over the world. With enough funding and technology, who is to say cloning won’t be as successful and then widely accepted?

Counter arguments

The cloning process might be similar to IVF, but the outcome is the major difference and it’s highly unethical. About 90 percent of clones fail and if they live past early childhood, they develop some sort of medical problem that proves to be fatal.

Framing

Premises

[P1] Cloning should be allowed because it’s similar to IVF, which is legal.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P1] The process might be similar, but the DNA material is different, which can be seen as strange and unethical.

Proponents

Further Reading

References

  1. https://www.propublica.org/article/how-many-american-women-die-from-causes-related-to-pregnancy-or-childbirth
  2. http://bio1220.biology.gatech.edu/?page_id=53
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/262798

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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 17 Mar 2020 at 11:00 UTC