The Luwian people, mentioned by the Hittites, lived in Western Anatolia and spoke a common language. The archaeology shows they had a formidable civilization in the Late Bronze Age.
The ancient city of Troy, assuming it existed, would have been in Luwian territory. The Trojan war may have caused considerable upheaval in Asia Minor. The growing power of the Luwians might have prompted the legendary war on Troy. The Greeks may have suffered a pyrrhic victory after attacking Troy, falling into civil war on their return, causing the Mycenaeans to collapse.
As a growing power, the Trojans may have attacked their neighbors the Hittites, as well as the Egyptians. The Trojan war was a counter-attack against this growing and hostile force in the Mediterranean.
A recently deciphered inscription copied by the archaeologist, Georges Perrot from Beyköy in Turkey, describes a kingdom called Mira. Mira controlled Troy, whose princes are described as leading naval expeditions. This evidence fills the gap for both who the Trojans were, and who the marauding Sea People were.
This must be the Luwian civilization scholars have previously not believed existed.
In the sources at least one of the places mentioned in the Sea People texts, “Lukka land” can be identified with the Westernmost part of Anatolia. Some of the ethnic groups named in the Sea People texts are almost identical to those mentioned fighting as mercenaries with the Hittite King Muwatalli II at the Battle of Kadesh in 1274.
This makes it quite likely they were the Hittite's immediate neighbors and part of an Anatolian alliance.
Recent archaeology suggests that Luwian speaking people may have been the Trojans. Some of the Sea People can be identified as Anatolian. The Trojans may have caused chaos in the Mediterranean by challenging the Greeks and their powerful neighbors the Hittites.