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What are the positions on a minimum wage? Show more Show less

A minimum wage, which sets the lowest legal wage a company can pay its workers, is designed to prevent exploitation. Its backers argue the pros, including guaranteeing low-income workers a liveable wage, outweigh the cons. But who really benefits from a legally mandated minimum wage?

The minimum wage is good for workers Show more Show less

A minimum wage benefits workers by lifting them out of poverty and fueling job creation.
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Minimum wages reduce gender and racial income gaps

Minimum wage policies help low-income workers. Females and minorities are overrepresented among low-income earners.
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Context

The establishment of a minimum wage benefits the lowest earners in the labour pool. These are overwhelmingly women and ethnic minorities.

The Argument

Women account for roughly 49% of the US labour force, but make up 55% of workers earning less than $10.10 an hour. [1] Similarly, around 13% of the US population is black or African American and 18% are Hispanic or Latino, yet 22% of families earning less than 200% of the federal poverty level are black, and 30% are Hispanic. [2][3] The fact that women and minorities are overrepresented among the lowest earners means that they stand to gain the most from policies affecting the minimum wage.

Counter arguments

Framing

Premises

[P1] Minimum wage laws help low-income workers. [P2] Women and ethnic minorities are overrepresented among low-income workers. [P3] Therefore, minimum wage policies reduce gender and racial income gaps.

Rejecting the premises

Proponents

Further Reading

References

  1. https://www.epi.org/publication/raising-federal-minimum-wage-to-1010/
  2. https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/32976/411936-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-among-low-income-families.pdf
  3. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045219

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This page was last edited on Sunday, 24 May 2020 at 18:11 UTC