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What are the positions on nuclear weapons? Show more Show less
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Nuclear weapons have been inciting fear, controversy, and awe since their creation. With the recent push to ban these weapons gaining popularity across the world, many new positions have sprung up as a response.

Nuclear weapons are essential in the modern world Show more Show less

Nuclear weapons are an important part of the modern world. Although relations are tense between many powerful countries, the threat of nuclear war deters any serious conflict and creates peace.
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Nuclear weapons act as a deterrent for war

The threat of nuclear weapons keeps powerful countries from engaging in conflict. The introduction of these weapons into the world has allowed for leaders to be more cautious with their foreign diplomacy for fear of the destructive consequences of nuclear weapons.

The Argument

Nuclear weapons serve as a deterrent for war. Currently, the most powerful countries in the world remain carefully peaceful towards each other due to the threat of Nuclear War. If there were no longer nuclear weapons and the threat of a nuclear war no longer loomed above world leaders, countries would have fewer reservations about global conflict[1]. Mutual assured destruction (MAD) is one of the main principles of deterrence theory. MAD refers to the idea that if one country uses nuclear weapons against another country with nuclear weapons, the destruction would effectively annihilate both countries[2]. The concept of MAD allowed for the end of the cold war and has since been the reason that no large-scale conflicts have erupted in the modern world.

Counter arguments

Many people argue that recent studies have disproven the deterrence theory. According to Benoît Pelopidas, the scientific director of the masters programme in international security at Sciences Po (Paris), "threats intended to deter may have adverse effects, as can any other public policy. If one needs to constantly establish the credibility of a deterrent threat based on nuclear weapons, this will obviously lead to more risk-taking"[3]. The threat of nuclear weapons will not always act as a deterrent, and can actually cause the start of a conflict.

Proponents

Premises

Rejecting the premises

References

  1. https://carnegieeurope.eu/2014/08/25/case-against-total-nuclear-disarmament-pub-56486
  2. https://www.britannica.com/topic/mutual-assured-destruction
  3. https://www.historyextra.com/period/20th-century/have-nuclear-weapons-helped-to-maintain-global-peace/
This page was last edited on Monday, 19 Oct 2020 at 16:05 UTC