Fossil fuel dependence will soon become outdated and outmoded. It has no choice- petrol, oil, and natural gas are finite resources, and we need an infrastructure in place before they become unviable. To give a sense of the time scale we’re dealing with- gas and oil reserves are projected to run out within just over 50 years, while coal will be gone in 150 years, taking into account increased production.
But this reason is small when measured against the monumental impact of burning fossil fuels and extracting them in the first place. The effects are wide-ranging, from air pollution to habitat destruction and acidification of the sea, aside from the much-discussed increases in global temperature from greenhouse gasses.
There’s no question that they need to be phased out- even major oil and gas companies realise this. BP, Shell and Chevron, and other oil giants have begun investing in green energy, as the energy market embraces for a change- both in public perception and sustainability.
It’s not that they care particularly about saving the planet, the opposite is very evident, but BP has been researching renewable energy alternatives for decades.
Fossil fuel dependency may have shaped the modern world, but the world is changing. Just as the Industrial Revolution ushered in an era of mass production and emissions, the Green Revolution will rock the foundations of ‘dirty energy.’