Race is one way humans classify one another. Yet, views of how humans are classified differ between person-to-person and even country-to-country. The debate of "what race is" has important - and dangerous - implications across society and between individuals.
Race is a biological realityShow moreShow less
Humans are different from each other - physically, culturally, linguistically, psychologically. Proponents of race as a biological reality view differences as anchored in genetic differences at a group level. Racial groups have key characteristics that make them unique and different from others.
Traits are passed down through generations. People in the same geographical location tend to reproduce with one another, which causes groups of humans to slowly differentiate from one another. Thus, genetic differences between people are the source of inequality between races.
Racial inequality exists in many societies. Differences between race in the realms of education, wealth, and health may be attributed to culture, history, and society. Yet, through the process of natural selection and genetics, innate and biological differences between populations must play a role in why groups outperform others.
[P1] Biological makeup determines a person's personality, intelligence, and ability to succeed.
[P2] Based on natural selection, some populations are naturally selected to maintain beneficial traits and eventually outlive weaker populations that die out more easily.
Rejecting the premises
See the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's entry on "Race" for more information on the history of race as a concept and the contemporary arguments surrounding race (https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/race/).