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What do we know about Sigmund Freud's theories? Show more Show less
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis" was an Austrian neurologist and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. He remains a well-recognised figure and he and his ideas are still frequently referenced in pop culture. Freud has been influential in two related but distinct ways. He simultaneously developed a theory of the human mind and human behaviour, as well as clinical techniques for attempting to help neurotics. He popularised the ideas of the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on fields as diverse as literature, film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology.

Freud's beliefs were problematic Show more Show less

A lot of his beliefs and behaviour are considered problematic today.
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Recovered memories

[P1] Freud believed repressed traumatic memories could be recovered.

The Argument

'Recovered memories' of alleged childhood sexual abuse by their parents have led to parents accused and whole families divided or destroyed. The backlash has let abusers escape punishment.

Counter arguments

Newman argues that hidden traumas have a great influence in an individual's "Pschological functioning despite not being recalled or available to consciousness". [1] Freud's theories have consequently "Shaped much of our current thinking about symptoms and the need to understand what lies behind them", counter arguing the idea that Freud's ideology of recovered memories causes more harm, when in actual fact it enables individuals to fully recover from their trauma. [1]



[P1] Freud believed that repressed memories could be recovered. [P2] The bringing up of these repressed memories had serious repercussions.

Rejecting the premises


This page was last edited on Sunday, 19 Jul 2020 at 18:26 UTC

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