Increased use of renewable energy sources is weaning the world off of fossil fuels, and the results are promising. In 2019, the UK generated more electricity from renewables than fossil fuels for the first time in over 200 years. And since 2015, Scotland has utilised renewables as their primary power source.
On a larger scale, as of 2019, renewable energy accounted for a third of global power capacity, and this is projected to rise to half by 2035.
This can be attributed to various different types of power. Wind energy has seen an upsurge of use in recent years, with China increasing capacity by 20w and the USA by 7w, with additional expansions by Brazil, France, Germany, India, and the UK. Solar energy has continued to see wide use, particularly in Asia, with increases from many different continents. Meanwhile, Hydropower remains the most used renewable power source accounting for 54% of renewable energy.
Of course, strong planning for the future is vital. Kadri Simson, the European commissioner for energy, has already set out vital plans to ensure Europe will become the world’s first carbon-neutral continent by 2050. This will be achieved in part by a shift away from coal power, which has historically been at the centre of European industry. Yet, the EU aims to manage this with a package of incentives and subsidies to governments, which will help them transition to green energy.
This will set a precedent for other continents. Already, global use of renewables is increasing steadily by the year, as they become the only power source with longevity and sustainability.