High schools should be drug testing their athletes, regardless of whether it is an invasion of privacy.
In 2002, a Supreme Court case ruled in favor of the Board of Education and concluded that drug-testing programs conducted in schools are reasonable under the Fourth Amendment.
This was a 5-4 vote and Justice Thomas acknowledged that while “schoolchildren do not shed their constitutional rights when they enter the schoolhouse,” he also stressed that Fourth Amendment rights are different in public schools, which have a responsibility to protect their students.
A student's privacy interest is limited in a public school environment. In such environments, schools are allowed to infringe upon a student's privacy if it means maintaining a safe and healthy school environment.