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Should surrogacy be legal? Show more Show less
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Surrogacy refers to the process through which a woman intentionally becomes pregnant with a baby she does not intend to keep, instead carrying the foetus for its intended parent or parents, usually because the parent is unable to do so without her. Surrogacy may be altruistic where the surrogate is not paid, or commercial where she is. Countries and states often have unclear legislation on surrogacy. Should surrogacy be legalized? Under what conditions should surrogacy be legal?

No. Surrogacy should be illegal. Show more Show less

Commodification of human life is immoral and surrogacy is exploitative.
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Surrogacy has long-term negative impacts

Surrogacy has long-term negative impacts upon both surrogate and child.

The Argument

The people involved in surrogacy cannot always just move past it. The child may struggle to deal with their unusual origins, and surrogates might not appreciate how attached they are to the baby until it is born and will be affected long term.

Counter arguments

The majority of adolescents who were born from surrogacy have been described as feeling indifferent about the circumstances of their conception. Studies have also shown that surrogacy has no psychological effects on surrogate mothers from six months onwards.

Proponents

Premises

[P1] Both surrogate and child are affected long-term by the process.

Rejecting the premises

[P1] There is no evidence of long-term effects on either surrogate or child.

Further Reading

Zadeh, S., Ilioi, E., Jadva, V. & Golombok, S. (2018)The perspectives of adolescents conceived using surrogacy, egg or sperm donation, Human Reproduction, 33(6), 1099–1106 https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dey088 Jadva, V., Imrie, S. & Golombok, S. (2015) Surrogate mothers 10 years on: A longitudinal study of psychological well-being and relationships with the parents and child. Human Reproduction, 30(2):373-9. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu339 Teman, E. (2010) Birthing a Mother: The surrogate body and the pregnant self. Los Angeles: University of California Press. van den Akker, O. (2017) Surrogate Motherhood Families. London:Palgrave MacMillan.

References

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    This page was last edited on Friday, 17 Apr 2020 at 11:03 UTC

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