Surrogacy refers to the process through which a woman intentionally becomes pregnant with a baby she does not intend to keep, instead carrying the foetus for its intended parent or parents, usually because the parent is unable to do so without her. Surrogacy may be altruistic where the surrogate is not paid, or commercial where she is. Countries and states often have unclear legislation on surrogacy. Should surrogacy be legalized? Under what conditions should surrogacy be legal?
No. Surrogacy should be illegal.Show moreShow less
Commodification of human life is immoral and surrogacy is exploitative.
The people involved in surrogacy cannot always just move past it. The child may struggle to deal with their unusual origins, and surrogates might not appreciate how attached they are to the baby until it is born and will be affected long term.
The majority of adolescents who were born from surrogacy have been described as feeling indifferent about the circumstances of their conception. Studies have also shown that surrogacy has no psychological effects on surrogate mothers from six months onwards.
[P1] Both surrogate and child are affected long-term by the process.
Rejecting the premises
[P1] There is no evidence of long-term effects on either surrogate or child.
Zadeh, S., Ilioi, E., Jadva, V. & Golombok, S. (2018)The perspectives of adolescents conceived using surrogacy, egg or sperm donation, Human Reproduction, 33(6), 1099–1106 https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/dey088
Jadva, V., Imrie, S. & Golombok, S. (2015) Surrogate mothers 10 years on: A longitudinal study of psychological well-being and relationships with the parents and child. Human Reproduction, 30(2):373-9. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deu339
Teman, E. (2010) Birthing a Mother: The surrogate body and the pregnant self. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
van den Akker, O. (2017) Surrogate Motherhood Families. London:Palgrave MacMillan.