Terrorist acts targeted at privileged individuals are, in part, justified by their responsibility for the status quo. However, the status quo is not always the responsibility of all the group members, such as the children of the privileged group. The distributive justice of terrorism would endorse similar harms faced by the members of the oppressed group in the status quo upon the youngsters of the privileged group. This is also the case for the members of the privileged group who actively oppose the oppressive regime.
Therefore, terrorism lacks to target the institutional causes of inequalities (such as the forms of government or the constitutional provisions) but rather results in innocent deaths by targeting the privileged groups as a whole. Equalizing rights violations through terrorism rather than by shaping an institutional order fails to promote institutional fairness. This is because institutional fairness cannot be promoted directly by individuals’ actions. It requires institutional modifications.
Concerning the point on the international power structure, terrorists indeed play into the hands of their powerful opponents. States suffering from terrorism can win even more international support due to the human rights violations tied to terrorist acts. All publicity is not always good publicity.