Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), commonly referred to as "the father of psychoanalysis" was an Austrian neurologist and is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century. He remains a well-recognised figure and he and his ideas are still frequently referenced in pop culture. Freud has been influential in two related but distinct ways. He simultaneously developed a theory of the human mind and human behaviour, as well as clinical techniques for attempting to help neurotics. He popularised the ideas of the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on fields as diverse as literature, film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology.
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Freud remains an influential figure and trope in popular culture.
Freud is widely misunderstood and misrepresented, and the Oedipus complexes portrayed in TV dramas are quite different from the Oedipus complex set out in The Interpretation of Dreams. However, there is little denying his concepts remain the subject of widespread public fascination.
His ideas are reflected in movies and TV as varied as Hitchcock’s 1945 film Spellbound, Sopranos, Big Bang Theory, MAS*H, Bill and Ted’s Excellent adventure and all of Woody Allen’s films – an act in itself problematic. Or indeed anything featuring a repressed memory, a dream sequence or a character with incestuous impulses.
[P1] Freud's beliefs are portrayed onscreen, often inaccurately.