For as long as they have existed there has been a debate about whether or not anime and cartoons are the same thing. Are they truly as similar as people believe, or are there key differences that separate them into two distinct categories?
Yes, anime and cartoons are the same thing
Anything that is animated is a cartoon. Cartoons known as anime are cartoons that originate from Japan. Anime is simply a different form or genre of cartoon from what westerners traditionally see as cartoons.
Anime and cartoons are only different forms of animation
Despite the title, animation is not automatically anime. Both cartoons and anime utilize animation to create them. The only true difference between them is the art style used.
Anime is a term coined in Japan, shortened from the word 'animation' and specifically used for their animation style. While anime is sometimes referred to as a cartoon its main difference is its origins.