It is difficult to disconnect the 20th century's unethical genetic practices from any modern discussion of eugenics. This history makes many people uncomfortable with the idea of genetic engineering. Since then, scientific practices have become far more ethical. Do modern eugenics overshadow the unethical past? Will the practice of eugenics always be unethical?
Eugenics is unethical
Eugenics ultimately leads to a loss of genetic diversity. The practice of eugenics is heavily biased against non-white races, the mentally ill, and lower-class citizens. It also targets those with traits that are considered “deficient” genes. Eugenics is historically tied to Nazi Germany, and promoted by Adolf Hitler during World War II.
Eugenics is unethically abused
Modern eugenics calls to mind the dark past of the eugenics movement during the 1900s. Between the abuse that took place in America and and the horrors of Nazi Germany, it is clear that eugenics can only ever be abused.
Eugenics improves biological fitness by enhancing the quality of genetic populations and increasing the chances of desirable human traits. The practice also reduces the likelihood of inheritable diseases and abnormalities.
Eugenics improves the human race
The study of genetic engineering has opened up endless potential for curing diseases and improving human life as a whole.