Are nations ancient or modern? Are they natural or artificial? Are they a tool of liberation or coercion? Despite many predicting globalisation would make them obsolete, nations are now back in fashion in a world where leaders tout America First, the Great Rejuvenation of the Chinese People, and Hindutva. Understanding the nation now seems more important than ever.
Modern nations reflect long existing human communities who display a basic unity over a continuous historical period.
Nations are natural cultural communities
Nations are defined by a cultural unity between people.Explore
Nations are natural ethnic communities.
Nations are bound together by a common ethnicity. They are shaped by specific territorial and biological factors; these factors also contribute to the development of unique cultures within these nations.Explore
Nations are modern creations
Nations only came in to existence from the late 18th century onward due to massive political, social, and economic changes.
Industrialisation created nations
The emergence of capitalism transformed society by promoting linguistic and cultural standardisation within distinct territorial spheres, ushering in the age of nations.Explore
Enlightenment ideas created nations
The intellectual revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries created a new political ideology of nationalism centred on the creation of nation-states.Explore