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Are rationalism and idealism compatible?

Idealism is the belief in mind over matter; the conviction that matter itself has no existence apart from mind (one-directional). "Objects" and "matter" exist only in being perceived. However, several of the most prominent idealist philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato, Berkeley, Hume, Kant and Schopenhauer, are also classified as rationalists. Is this possible? Or is it a fundamental contradiction?

Rationalism and idealism are incompatible

Rationalism and idealism cannot be reconciled because they contradict each other.

Rationalism and idealism contradict each other

Philosophers simply cannot be both rationalists and idealists; it is a fundamental contradiction in terms.

Rationalism and idealism are compatible

Many prominent philosophers have reconciled rationalism and idealism in their work.

Artist-idealist-rationalist philosophers use both in their work.

Socrates, Plato and Schopenhauer all used idealist-rationalist philosophy to critique art.


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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 21 Apr 2020 at 15:09 UTC