The City of Troy is known for being the location of the famous Trojan war between the Greeks and Trojans. This war is described in Homer's Iliad, an Ancient Greek epic poem. But was Troy just a literary or mythological location or does it really exist to this day? If so, where is it?
In 1870, amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann started wide-scale excavations at Hisarlik which provided evidence that Troy existed there.
Hisarlik matches Homer's description of Troy
Most scholars agree that Hisarlik's setting matches Homer's description of Troy, and the evidence found during excavations of the site also seem to match Homer's narration.Explore
The excavations at Hisarlik unearthed a citadel
Schliemann discovered 10 layers of archaeological sites that represented Troy over time. The large citadel was found in Troy VI, which existed during the Late Bronze Age.Explore
Schliemann found Priam's Treasure
Heinrich Schliemann used The Iliad as a reference to look for objects and treasures from Troy. He found a cache of gold and other artefacts which he said belonged to King Priam.Explore
Troy is a mythological city and does not exist
Before 1870, nearly all scholars believed that Troy was a mythological place. There is still not enough evidence to prove it existed.
The Iliad is filled with mythology
Gods and goddesses play large roles in the battle of Troy as told by Homer, demonstrating that much of what we know about Troy is based on mythology.Explore
Homer wrote The Iliad hundreds of years after the Trojan War
The Troy that we know and are fascinated by largely comes from Homer's Iliad, yet Homer did not even exist during the time he's writing about. He lived hundreds of years later, meaning historical accuracy is hugely unlikely.Explore
The Trojan horse ambush did not happen
There is no evidence to suggest that the Greeks actually ambushed the Trojans using a giant wooden horse.Explore
The ruins of Troy are in the Ancient Greek city of Pergamon
Author and historian John Crowe writes about this theory in his book 'The Troy Deception'.
Pergamon matches the description of the Plain of Troy
The Plain of Troy is where the Trojan war occurred in The Iliad, and we are given a much more extensive description of this land compared to the city itself.Explore
Hisarlik does not fit Homer's description of Troy
In 'The Troy Deception', John Crowe details 10 reasons why Hisarlik cannot be Homer's Troy, going on to give Pergamon as an alternative.Explore
Homer's Iliad was modified by Athenian rulers
John Crowe claims that Athenian rulers between 560 and 514 BCE helped rewrite and add sections of Homer's Iliad in order to make people believe that Troy's ruins were in Hisarlik. They did this with the aim to expand Athenian colonies.Explore
This page was last edited on Wednesday, 5 Aug 2020 at 09:48 UTC