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What are the advantages and disadvantages of 5G technology in the US? Show more Show less
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Although already introduced by some carriers in some areas of the US, 5G - the successor to 4G, which currently provides connectivity to most mobile devices - could have a nationwide rollout by the end of 2020. The transition from 4G to 5G would transform the digital landscape as we know it today. What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of 5G deployment across the United States?

5G deployment is good Show more Show less

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5G is much faster and has a greater bandwidth than 4G

5G offers high speed wireless connectivity unparalleled to that of 4G; it also has a lower latency and the ability to connect to more devices at once.

The Argument

5G’s increase in bandwidth size will result in a much faster digital experience for users - downloading files, using the internet, and streaming will be quicker and much more efficient. In fact, 5G is considered to be between 10 and 100x faster than existing 4G networks[1]. Besides speed, 5G also has a much greater capacity on the network, meaning more devices can be connected at once[1]; it also has a lower latency[2], which means there is less time lapse between when data is sent and when it is received[3]. These factors have been a major hindrance in technological development; it is why we have not yet commercialized certain technologies and industries, such as autonomous vehicles, virtual reality, telemedicine, etc.[4] Currently, the portion of spectrum that is being used for 4G-dependent technology is becoming congested as more and more information is uploaded onto the internet and device usage increases. As a result, users will often experience lag, slow speeds, loss of service, and unstable connections[5]. 5G will vastly improve the user experience by mitigating these issues while also being able to keep up with the exponential growth of devices and device users. The increased speed and greater bandwidth of a 5G network is extraordinarily beneficial not only for recreational purposes, but also for businesses, governments, companies, and other services.

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References

  1. https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2020/03/business/what-is-5g/index.html
  2. https://www.qualcomm.com/news/onq/2019/05/13/how-5g-low-latency-improves-your-mobile-experiences#:~:text=5G%20is%20designed%20to%20significantly,door%20to%20brand%20new%20ones.
  3. https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2018/09/14/why-latency-is-the-most-important-metric-in-storage/#2a090eb77d6d
  4. https://www.cisa.gov/5g
  5. https://www.rpc.senate.gov/policy-papers/the-importance-of-5g

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This page was last edited on Wednesday, 23 Sep 2020 at 07:25 UTC

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