By charging students, they value their education more.
If we value what we pay for, then we should certainly value our education.
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Humans tend to value what has a higher financial cost, as a result students may take higher education more seriously because of the increased cost.
Cost can change the way we perceive an object, and this has been the case with tuition fees. Previously, students had a bad reputation as lazy, alcoholic layabouts but with increased debt comes an increased pressure to succeed academically and in one's career. The result may be that students today are more driven and more inclined to push themselves academically to make the most of the money they are spending.
Student's attitudes may not be the result of tuition fee changes, but the result of various factors such as the images portrayed in social media of 'perfect' lives and an increased importance placed on having a financially lucrative career.
P1. Humans value things which come at a higher price to us. P2. As tuition fees increase, the psychological value of education seems to increase.
Rejecting the premises
Premise two may not be the direct result of premise one.