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Who should bear the cost of public tertiary education? Show more Show less
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The cost of tertiary education varies across the world. With many expenses to cover including room and board, basic utilities and salaries for professors, how should these operating costs be funded? This debate revolves around equity, socio-economic factors, and the role of tertiary education in society.

Tertiary education should be funded wholly by the government Show more Show less

The government should fund tertiary education to the point where it becomes tuition-free.
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The equity of no-cost education

For some, the cost of tertiary education is a barrier to entry that can be removed through increased funding.
Economics Education Equality Tertiary Education
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The Argument

Cost is relative. $100 is a lot of money to a low income individual, but not a lot of money to the CEO of a tech company. "Free" is the one cost that is equal to all. Socio-economic disparities are global, and for some individuals the cost of public tertiary education is a burden that is not possible to overcome. Through government funded tertiary education, the economic barrier to entry is substantially reduced. This benefits society as a whole, allowing for more civic engagement from college-educated individuals.[1] An increase in the amount of college-educated citizens would also benefit the economy, allowing society to pull from a larger pool of problem-solvers to innovate, thereby creating jobs. Though the cost to be borne by the government is high, there is a significant enough return to justify it. Free tertiary education is also more equitable in this respect. It's an education system that values what someone knows over whether or not they can afford tuition.

Counter arguments

It is possible to overcome economic barriers to tertiary education without making tertiary education free to all. Some governments offer loans, grants, and even scholarships. Financial aid is even offered in some countries, though by itself it may not be enough to make tertiary education affordable. However, when combined with any of the aforementioned forms of financial aid, the cost of tertiary education can be made affordable to all.

Premises

[P1] It benefits society to have more people attending tertiary school. [P2] Societal inequalities makes it difficult for some people to attend tertiary school if there are associated costs. [P3] Tertiary school should be completely free for all.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P2] While cost may be relative, there are ways to adjust for this without making cost nonexistent.

References

  1. https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/ref/college/collegespecial2/coll_aascu_povcohen.html
This page was last edited on Monday, 26 Oct 2020 at 14:33 UTC

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