English became the world’s international language through British colonization in the 17th-18th centuries, the growth of science and technology through Britain’s Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, and the rise of the United States as a leader in economic, political, cultural, and scientific power in the 20th-21st centuries. Today, English (and its many varieties) has the greatest number of speakers in the world (1,268 million), followed closely by Mandarin Chinese (1,120 million). Yet, with the rise of the People’s Republic of China as a global economic superpower, many speculate that Mandarin Chinese (China’s official language) will soon replace English as the language of international affairs.
Yes, Mandarin will become the next world language
It will not be long before Mandarin replaces English as the global lingua franca due to China’s economic and cultural growth.
Mandarin is an economic necessity
More people are learning Mandarin because they see the language as economically profitable or because they need the language to communicate with Chinese businesses.
No, English will remain the world's international language
English is here to stay because of its widespread use in international politics, business, scientific knowledge, the Internet, and pop culture.
It is more beneficial to learn English than Mandarin
English communication is a common denominator in international businesses and political entities such as the United Nations (UN). Continuing in a language that is already so widely spoken will ensure that businesses and political entities continue running smoothly.
English is the language of business, science, and tech
Most of the world's information on the Internet and scientific knowledge are in written English. Growth, innovation, and international affairs will continue to rely on science and technology—much of which are recorded and discussed in English.
One language does not have to dominate. Mandarin and English will coexist as international languages, increasing the need for English-Mandarin bilingualism.
Mandarin-English bilingualism is more needed than ever
English is no longer the main global language. While English may not be going anywhere anytime soon, Mandarin (and China's influence) will spread even more, necessitating more Mandarin-English bilingualism internationally.