Amelia Earhart's disappearance and presumed death in the midst of her attempt to circumnavigate the globe by plane has long been an international interest. Many believe her plane crashed in Pacific and that she and her companion perished, but others believe in more unusual theories.
Amelia Earhart died when her plane crashed while searching for Howland Island
The most widely accepted theory relating to Earhart's death. It is understood that Earhart's plane ran out of fuel and subsequently crashed into the Pacific Ocean while searching for Howland Island. It is said to be a case of "poor planning, worse execution."
Amelia Earhart died searching for Howland Island
Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan were searching for this tiny island. From their subsequent disappearance, it is obvious enough they did not succeed in finding the island.
Amelia Earhart made it to Gardner Island (Nikumaroro) and perished there or in surrounding waters.
The Gardner Island (Nikumaroro) hypothesis presumes that Earhart, an experienced aviator, would not have wasted time searching for Howland Island and would have turned southward instead.
Amelia Earhart survived the initial crash of her plane, made it to Gardner Island (Nikumaroro), then perished there
There is additional evidence that supports the idea that the passengers of the Elektra did not die upon impact near Gardner Island, or very soon after landing. Instead, there may be evidence that Earhart and Noonan survived on the island for some time as castaways.